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SOUL OF THE RUSSIAN PEOPLE. ARTS AND CRAFTS.

Soul OF THE RUSSIAN PEOPLE  ARTS AND CRAFTS

Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation

State Museum and Exhibition Center ROSIZO

Comprehensive Programs Centre Heritage

Ministry for Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Indonesia

Taman Mini Indonesia Indah

 

With the support of

The Embassy of the Russian Federation in Indonesia

Russian Center for Science and Culture in Jakarta

Fine art packers and shippers Khepri

 

Request the pleasure of your presence on 3 July at 16.00 in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Istana Anak-anak on the occasion of opening exhibition: “SOUL OF THE RUSSIAN PEOPLE. ARTS AND CRAFTS”.

 

Project

 

The exhibition is held within the framework of the preparation for the APEC Summit 2012 in Vladivostok presided by Russia. The APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) Forum focuses on the issues of economic development. However, the issues of culture as one of the main factors of economic and social development are beginning to acquire more and more importance. One of the targets of the present project is to show the dramatic influence that culture exerted on the development of information technology in the 20th century, which dramatically changed not only cultural discourses but also the society and economy.

 

There are plans to show this exhibition in many places. However, before the APEC Summit in Vladivostok in 2012, it will only by displayed in the countries of the Asia-Pacific region: Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, (Russia), Singapore, Chinese, Taipei, Thailand, United States, Vietnam.

 

Exhibition

 

From ancient time folk masters of the Russian land created artistic objects of outstanding beauty for everyday life. Folk crafts have survived in many regions of Russia, they are based on handicraft and come from grandfathers’ and great-grandfathers of modern Russians. Their origin is different. Some are rooted in the household activities of peasants associated with subsistent economy and the manufacture of objects of both for everyday, and for festive use. Others are derived from village or urban crafts. Anyway, every craftsmen community proved to be capable of creating its own aesthetical system, unique imagery, its own artistry methods which have acquired the status of tradition. Every modern master has the experience of many generations behind him or her, and these generations are his or her co-authors in the manufacture of a certain object.

 

Splendid products of “gold” Khokhloma, Zhostovo painted lacquer trays, Gzhel porcelain, Palekh lacquer miniature, colorful Pavlosvky Posad shawls, joyful and exquisite lace of the North, Dymkovo clay toys are liked and widely known not only in Russia, but also globally, where they are valued very high.

 

The North of the Nizhnii Novgorod Gubernia has a long and famous history of woodcraft. That is where one of the most remarkable Russian local crafts, the manufacture of wooden lathed dishware with decorative ornaments called “Khokhlomskaya”, appeared in the middle of the 17th century near Khokhloma, a large commerce center.

 

The original method of “gold” painting that evolved in the course of centuries has survived till our days. The classic combination of “gold” with vermilion and black, forming the core of the Khokhloma color scheme, is tactfully amplified with brown, yellow and green. Craftsmen use the methods of brush painting without any stencils or pre-drawing. The Khokhloma dishware has no genre scenes. Ornaments painted by Khokhloma artists feature bushes, twisted twigs, strawberries, raspberries, ashberries. Flowering bushes and fruits were associated with wishes of the best of wealth and wellbeing, that is why they are abundant in Khokhloma decoration.

 

The Zhostovo village is well known as an old center where iron painted lacquer trays are manufactured. This craft emerged in the early 19th century, and it was mainly influenced by flower ornaments on metal from the Urals. The Zhostovo painting is performed against the black, red, green or blue background. Its basic motif is a bunch of flowers with alternating large orchard and small wild flowers. The shape of a flower successfully combines with the decorative effect of the color solution related to the Russian folk brush painting on chests, spinning wheels, toys (cylinder birch bark containers with tight lids).

 

The Zhostovo trays are exclusively hand-painted. The rims of trays are covered with a light “gold” ornament. When completed, the ornament is covered with three layers of light lacquer and polished till it shines like a mirror.

 

Gzhel as the name of the craft is associated with a district in the Moscow Region where almost all the population of its villages was manufacturing pottery, clay shingle and glazed tile. Since mid 18th century Gzhel masters learned the majolica method which allowed them to manufacture pottery featuring multicolor painting over white enamel. Jugs and kvassniks (kvass containers), large dishes and cups were decorated with images of flowers, birds, trees. Ornamented pottery was amplified with porcelain figures. Every element of these figurines was wittily developed into a decorative form. Since early 19th century porcelain and faience ware dominated Gzhel crafts. Blue and multicolor brush painting combined with gold was used to decorate tea sets, vases for flowers.

Even today the Gzhel porcelain has retained the nature of folk art with its naïve imagery and motifs taken from life as artists see it. Tea sets, various souvenirs – samovar boxes, dresser boxes, kvass containers, miniature sculpture produced here are still unique and original.

 

Palekh is a settlement in the Ivanovo region, it is an old center of the Russian icon painting where expensive icons were painted in the “old style”, where ancient church frescos were renovated and restored. Icon painting was already in decline before the revolution. Residents of Palekh were ardently looking for ways to use their skills in the new conditions of life. A happy guess prompted them to try the manufacture of lacquer miniature, and this guess was the beginning of mindboggling success. Palekh residents mastered the methods of manufacturing papier-mâché lacquer boxes, retaining the traditional methods of tempera painting and original imagery. The transition to a black lacquer background absent in icon painting was also new. Difficult experiments in the craft helped to reveal bright colors of old Russian painting in a new way.

Headscarves and shawls manufactured in Pavlovsky Posad, an old Russian city, have been widely known globally as unique products of folk art. Thin wool headscarves with printed colorful ornaments have always been widely popular. The compositional and color beauty of Pavlovsky shawls comes from the virtuoso skills of printing board manufacturers who produced printing boards used to print decorations on the shawls, and from high professionalism of calico printers. The Pavlovsky shawls always have distinct impeccable harmony in the selection of the individual elements of flower ornaments and of color combinations.

 

The masters and artists of the Pavlovsky Posad headscarf manufactory still give their fans the opportunity to enjoy exquisite ornaments and images, which, although being perfected and modernized with the passage of time, have retained the styles and traditions of old masters.

 

The Vologda lace is a unique phenomenon in the folk art of the Russian North. The wealth and variety of ornaments, clear lines, measured ornamental rhythms, high skills make it artistically unique. Plant ornament is characteristic for the Vologda lace. The motif of a lush bush with wide pedate leaves and polypetalous rosette flowers form a wide rim of the lace product. Flower rosettes and branches spread over the background of the lace. Vologda lace makers usually produce various tablecloths, napkins and lace runners, collars and cuffs, headscarves. Lace production is complicated and labor consuming, it requires special patience and skills. It has witnessed almost no changes during the long history of this craft.

 

Folk art and crafts form a brilliant, poetic page in the history of the Russian traditional folk culture. Rich fantasies, high professionalism, profound awareness of the material are the traits that turn the products of folk masters into a true national cultural asset.

 

Project

 

Pameran ini diadakan dalam rangka persiapan KTT APEC 2012 di Vladivostok yang di ketuai oleh Negara Rusia. APEC (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation), forum yang fokus pada isue-isue pembangunan ekonomi. Namun, isue-isue budaya juga sebagai salah satu faktor utama pembangunan ekonomi dan sosial mulai menjadi sangat penting. Salah satu sasaran proyek ini adalah untuk menunjukkan betapa besar pengaruh budaya pada pengembangan teknologi informasi di abad 20, yang secara dramatis berubah tidak hanya wacana budaya tapi juga sosial dan ekonomi.

 

Rencana Untuk mengadakan pameran di berbagai tempat sebelum KTT APEC di selenggarakan di Vladivostok pada tahun 2012, pameran diadakan di beberapa Negara-negara Asia Pasifik : Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Hongkong, Indonesia, Jepang, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philipina, (Russia), Singapura, China, Taipei, Thailand, Amerika Serikat, dan Vietnam.

 

Pameran

 

Sejak dahulu kala di dataran Rusia nenek moyang kami telah menciptakan berbagai kerajinan rakyat yang di gunakan untuk kehidupan sehari-hari. Kerajinan Rakyat ini cukup bertahan di berbagai daerah di Rusia, dari generasi ke generasi hingga saat ini, dengan keaslian yang berbeda-beda. Yang berawal dari barang-barang rumah tangga, yang juga berhubungan dengan kegiatan pertanian yang dapat di gunakan setiap harinya dan juga dapat digunakan untuk perayaan-perayaan. Antara lain kerajinan ini berasal dari desa atau kota.

 

Bagaimanapun, setiap kelompok pengrajin mampu membuktikan dan menciptakan keindahannya sendiri dengan sesuatu yang unik, metode ketrampilan sesuai dengan tradisi yang ada. Setiap master modern memperoleh banyak pengalaman dari generasi sebelumnya dan generasi ini merupakan co-authors dalam pembuatan benda-benda seni tertentu.

 

Produk yang sangat indah, "GOLD" Khokhloma, Nampan Vernis Zhostovo, Porselin Gzhel, miniatur Palekh, Syal Pavlosvky, Rajutan dari Utara, Mainan dari tanah liat Dymkovo yang sangat mahal tapi disukai dan dikenal luas tidak hanya di Rusia tapi juga di luar Rusia.

 

Di utara Nizhnii Novgorod Gubernia sangat terkenal dengan kerajinan kayunya, salah satu kerajinan lokal Ruia yang luar biasa adalah peralatan makan dari kayu dengan ornamen yang disebut "Khokhlomskaya", muncul pada pertengahan abad ke 17 di sebuah pusat perdagangan dekat Khokhloma. Kombinasi klasik ‘GOLD’ dengan warna merah dan hitam membentuk inti skema warna Khokhlomja yang diperkuat dengan warna coklat, kuning dan hijau. Para pengrajin menggunakan metode melukis dengan kuas tanpa pola. Peralatan makan Khokhlomskaya tidak mempunyai genre scenes. Hiasan yang dilukis oleh seniman Khokhloma adalah motif semak-semak, ranting yang melilit, strawberry, raspberry, ashberry. Sekumpulan bunga dan buah yang diartikan dengan harapan baik dan kesejahteraan.

 

Desa Zhostovo terkenal sebagai pusat produksi Nampan besi ukir. Kerajinan ini muncul awal abad 19, banyak dipengaruhi oleh ornament bunga pada kerajinan baja dari Ural. Lukisan Zhostovo dominan dengan warna dasar hitam, merah, hijau atau biru dengan motif bunga-bunga kecil.Motif bunga dipadukan dengan efek dekoratif dari solusi warna yang terkait dengan lukisan rakyat Rusia pada peti/koper, roda pemintal,tuyes.

 

Nampan Zhostovo secara eksklusif dilukis dimana sisi pinggirnya ditutup dengan ornamen cahaya ‘GOLD’, dilapisi dengan tiga lapisan vernis dan dipoles sampai bersinar seperti cermin.

 

Gzhel sebagai nama kerajinan dikaitkan dengan sebuah distrik di daerah Moscow dimana hampir semua penduduknya adalah penghasil tembikar, sirap tanah liat dan genteng kaca. Sejak pertengahan abad 18, Master Ghzel belajar metode majolica yang memungkinkan mereka bisa menghasikan keramik dengan lukisan multicolor di atas porselen putih. Jugs and kvassniks (wadah kvass), nampan besar dan cangkir besar dihiasi dengan gambar bunga, burung, pohon. Hiasan diperkeras dengan bahan Porcelen. Setiap elemen di hiasi dengan sesuatu yang lucu dan dekorasi yang menarik.

 

Sejak awal abad 19 porselin dan tembikar didominasi oleh kerajina Ghzel. Warna biru dan warna-warna lukisan kuas dikombinasikan dengan warna emas dipakai sebagai hiasan tea sets dan vas bunga. Bahkan saat ini Ghzel mempertahankan seni rakyat dengan citra naïf dengan motif yang diambil dari kehidupan dan cara pandang seniman. Tea sets, aneka souvenir, kotak samovar, kotak rias, container kvass, miniature patung yang diproduksi sangat unik dan masih asli.

 

Palekh merupakan pemukiman di wilayah Ivanovo, pusat lukisan Rusia tertua dimana gereja Frescos kuno telah direnovasi dan dipugar. Lukisan Icon ini di temukan dan telah di akui sebelum revolusi. Warga Palekh tekun mencari cara untuk menggunakan kemampuan/keterampilan mereka dengan berbagai kondisi kehidupan dan senang mencoba sesuatu dengan memulai membuat miniature (vernis), dan ini merupaka awal dari keberhasilan mindbogging.

 

Warga Palekh menguasai metode pembuatan kotak dari bubur kertas yang di vernis dengan mempertahankan metode tradisional, melukis dengan cat air dengan citra yang asli. Perubahan dengan latar belakang samar-samar hitam dalam lukisan. Dengan eksperimen yang sulit dapat membantu mereka untuk mengungkap warna-warna cerah dalam kerajinan lukisan Rusia lama dengan cara baru.

 

Penutup kepala dan syal diproduksi di Pavlovsky Posad, sebuah kota tua di Rusia, telah dikenal luas sebagai produk unik dari seni rakyat. Penutup kepala dari wool dengan ornament warna warni sangat popular. Keindahan komposisi warna syal pavlocsky berasal dari keterampilan virtuoso dengan membuat hiasan-hiasan di syal secara professional dan seni yang tinggi. Syal Pavlovsky selalu memiliki harmoni yang sempurna dan berbeda dalam pemilihan unsur-unsur ornament bunga dan kombinasi warna.

 

Seniman professional pembuat syal Pavlovsky Posad memberikan peluang kepada penggemarnya untuk menikmati hiasan dan gambar yang sangat indah, meskipun masih disempurnakan sesuai jaman modernisasi saat ini dengan tetap mempertahankan gaya tradisi lama.

 

Rajutan Vologda adalah fenomena unik dalam seni rakyat utara Rusia, kaya dengan ornament yang bervariasi, garis yang jelas, irama yang terukur, keterampilan artistik tinggi menghasilkan ornament yang unik. Ornamen tumbuhan/tanaman merupakan ciri rajutan Vologda. Motif semak dengan daun pedate yang lebar dan bunga polypetalous rosette (mawar) menghiasi pinggiran produk rajutan. Bunga rosette dan cabangnya memenuhi produk rajutan. Pembuat rajutan Vologda biasanya menghasilkan berbagai taplak meja, serbet, penutup laci, krah dan lipatan lengan baju, penutup kepala. Produk rajutan sangat rumit dan membutuhkan banyak tenaga kerja, membutuhkan kesabaran dan keterampilan khusus. hampir tidak ada perubahan sepanjang sejarah kerajinan ini.

 

Seni rakyat dan kerajinan a brilliant, poetic page dalam sejarah tradisi budaya rakyat Rusia. Kaya akan ide, profesionalisme tinggi, kesadaran mendalam merupakan ciri yang mengubah produk inti rakyat menjadi asset budaya nasional yang asli.